Genital Herpes HSV 2

Genital herpes is a very common and contagious sexually transmitted disease in America. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus – 2 (HSV 2). Around twenty percent of Americans aged 12 and above are positive for this disease but most of them (around 80%) are not aware of it. Twenty percent (20%) of women in the United States have genital herpes, but only twelve and a half percent (12.5%) of men are positive. Women normally have a higher statistics for the disease because they are more likely to acquire any sexually transmitted infection compared to men.

genital herpes overviewThe herpes simplex virus is usually spread through a break or opening in the skin during sexual intercourse. The virus can also be transmitted through the urinary opening, cervix or anus. It can also spread to other parts of the body during oral sex where the herpes passes from the genital to the mouth. The infection can also spread when a person touches the herpes sores and then wipes or scratches another part of the body.

Pregnant women who are positive for genital herpes can pass the infection to their baby during labor and delivery. Once the virus enters the body, it goes to the healthy cells and contaminates them. The patient’s body then fights off the virus which causes the outcome of sores or blisters. Sometimes, even if a person is infected with the virus, there are no noticeable symptoms. But this does not mean that the infected person cannot transmit the virus to another person. Herpes simplex virus can still be spread even without the presence of sores or blisters.

People with genital herpes can carry the herpes simplex virus but not experience any symptom outbreak. However, for other people outbreaks can be brought about by the following:

  • Weak immune system;
  • Illness;
  • Fatigue;
  • Stress; and
  • Menstruation.