HIV vs AIDS

HIV is mostly confused to be the same with AIDS and vice versa. The fact is that HIV is a virus that leads to AIDS.

HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that affects the immune system of a person. If an HIV infection is not treated properly, the immune system of an HIV-positive person deteriorates and can lead to a condition called AIDS or Acute Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is the last stage of HIV. The other differences between HIV and AIDS are listed below:

  • hiv vs aids crosswordHow HIV/AIDS is acquired: AIDS can only be acquired if a person is HIV positive. If HIV reaches its last stage where the immune system of the patient becomes very weak due to unsuccessful treatments, AIDS is the result. HIV, on the other hand, is a sexually transmitted disease. HIV can also be acquired through needle-sharing with an HIV positive person.
  • Prevention: AIDS can be prevented if an HIV patient is properly taking medications. HIV can be prevented by having safe sex by using a latex condom properly.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms of AIDS are acquiring certain types of cancers, health deterioration, and easy infection to bacteria and viruses. HIV is sometimes symptomless. For some, symptoms may show up a few weeks after an initial infection. HIV positive patients usually experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, rash, and muscle aches.
  • Testing: The tests done for both HIV and AIDS are mostly the same. The most common tests are antibody tests, antigen tests, PCR and NAT.
  • Treatment: There is no cure for both HIV and AIDS. However, there are treatments that can help the patients live longer and healthier lives. The FDA approved drugs for HIV and AIDS are: Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI), Protease Inhibitors (PI), Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), and Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTI).